A dog with a wary expression looking at pizza, showing they are harmful to dogs.

Can Dogs Eat Pizza?

No, dogs should not eat pizza. While it might be tempting to share a slice with your furry friend, pizza contains ingredients that can be harmful to dogs. Cheese, high-fat content, spices, and various toppings all pose potential health risks.

A photo of Stefan Stumpfl, the co-author of this article.

By Stefan Stumpfl, in collaboration with Dr. Ali Raza.

Updated on Jul 1, 2024

Did You Know?

Pizza often contains garlic and onions which are toxic to dogs even in small amounts.




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Feeding Frequency


Allergic Risk


Why is Pizza Bad for Dogs?

Pizza can upset your dog’s stomach and lead to gastrointestinal issues. Ingredients like garlic and onions, which are found in many pizzas, are toxic to dogs. Furthermore, the high fat and salt content in cheese and processed meats like pepperoni can contribute to obesity and upset your dog's digestive system.

How Much Pizza Can Dogs Eat?

Even though pizza is not recommended, if your dog happens to snatch a tiny piece, it’s unlikely to cause major harm. However, it should be a very rare occurrence. Future indulgences can lead to serious health issues, so it’s best to avoid sharing pizza altogether.

Common Misconceptions

Many people think that a small piece of pizza crust won’t hurt their dog. While the crust alone may be less harmful than the toppings, it still contains salt and sometimes garlic or onion. The best practice is to keep all pizza out of your dog's reach.

Similar Harmful Products

Beware of these similar products which can be just as harmful:

  • Garlic Bread: Contains garlic, which is toxic to dogs.
  • Pasta with Tomato Sauce: Often includes onions and garlic.
  • Cheesy Snacks: High in fat and salt which dogs don’t need.
  • Processed Meats: Like pepperoni, salami, and sausages which can upset their stomach and are high in fat and salt.

What to Do If Your Dog Eats Pizza?

If your dog eats pizza, first assess how much they ate and what toppings were involved. If it contains harmful ingredients like garlic or onions, call your vet immediately. Avoid trying to induce vomiting without professional advice.

Long-term consequences can include obesity, pancreatitis, or even toxicity from harmful ingredients. Treatment costs can add up quickly, but pet insurance can help manage these expenses and ensure your dog gets the best care.

What are Healthy Alternatives?

Here are some tasty and safer alternatives for your dog:

  • Carrot sticks: Crunchy and full of vitamins.
  • Apple slices: Sweet and nutritious (remove seeds).
  • Plain Chicken: Lean protein option.
  • Pumpkin: Great for digestion.


In conclusion, pizza is a poor dietary choice for dogs. Many of its components are harmful, and it’s best kept away from their paws. Always consult with your vet about safe dietary choices, especially if your dog has specific health concerns or dietary needs. Keep your pet’s health in mind and opt for healthier alternatives instead!